GFCI

GFCI

Weather Proof Cover

Available in 1 or 2 gang configurations with interchangeable inserts included T

15 Amp GFCI Outlet

Lighting-spot.com carrys a complete selection of ground fault circuit interrupte

20 Amp GFCI Outlet

Lighting-spot.com carrys a complete selection of ground fault circuit interrupte

Lighting-spot.com carrys a complete selection of ground fault circuit interrupters (GFCI). 15 and 20 amp gfci's come in white, ivory, almond black and brown. There are four different styles, faceless GFCI, tamper resistant GFCI, UL2008 GFCI and UL943 coming soon. We also have buttons that match the face color and red and blue button GFCI's.

A ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI), also called Ground Fault Interrupter (GFI) or Residual Current Device (RCD) is a device that shuts off an electric power circuit when it detects that current is flowing along an unintended path, such as through water or a person. It is used to reduce the risk of electric shock, which can cause the heart to stop or cause burns. They can also prevent some fires, like when a live wire touches a metal conduit.

1. What is a GFCI?

A GFCI receptacle is different from conventional receptacles. In the event of a ground fault, a GFCI will trip and quickly stop the flow of electricity to prevent serious injury. Definition of a ground fault: Instead of following its normal safe path, electricity passes through a person's body to reach the ground. For example, a defective appliance can cause a ground fault.  A GFCI receptacle does NOT protect against circuit overloads, short circuits, or shocks. For example, you can still be shocked if you touch bare wires while standing on a non-conducting surface, such as a wood floor. GFCI's contain a lockout feature that will prevent RESET if:  • There is no power being supplied to the GFCI. • The GFCI is miswired due to reversal of the LINE and LOAD leads. • The GFCI cannot pass its internal test, indicating that it may not be able to provide protection in the event of a ground fault.

2. Should you install it?

Installing a GFCI receptacle can be more complicated than installing a conventional receptacle. Make sure that you: • Understand basic wiring principles and techniques • Can interpret wiring diagrams • Have circuit wiring experience • Are prepared to take a few minutes to test your work, making sure that you have wired the GFCI receptacle correctly.

3. LINE vs. LOAD

LINE cable: Delivers power from the service panel (breaker panel or fuse box) to the GFCI. If there is only one cable entering the electrical box, it is the LINE cable. This cable should be connected to the GFCI's LINE terminals only

LOAD cable: Delivers power from the GFCI to another receptacle in the circuit. This cable should be connected to the GFCI's LOAD terminals only. The LOAD terminals are under the yellow sticker. Do not remove the sticker at this time.

4. Turn the power OFF

Plug an electrical device, such as a lamp or radio, into the receptacle on which you are working. Turn the lamp or radio ON. Then, go to the service panel. Find the breaker or fuse that protects that receptacle. Place the breaker in the OFF position or completely remove the fuse. The lamp or radio must turn OFF.

Next, plug in and turn ON the lamp or radio at the receptacle's other outlet to make sure the power is OFF at both outlets. If the power is not OFF, stop work and call an electrician to complete the installation.

6. Identify cables/wires

Important: DO NOT install the GFCI receptacle in an electrical box containing (a) more than four (4) wires (not including the grounding wires) or (b) cables with more than two (2) wires (not including the grounding wire). Contact a qualified electrician if either (a) or (b) are true. If you are replacing an old receptacle, pull it out of the electrical box without disconnecting the wires. • If you see one cable (2-3 wires), it is the LINE cable. The receptacle is probably in position C (see diagram to the right). Remove the receptacle and go to step 7A. • If you see two cables (4-6 wires), the receptacle is probably in position A or B (see diagram to the right). Follow steps a-e of the procedure to the right.

Procedure: box with two (2) cables (4-6 wires):

(a) Detach one cable's white wire and hot wires from the receptacle and cap each one separately with a wire connector. Make sure that they are from the same cable. (b) Re-install the receptacle in the electrical box, attach faceplate, then turn the power ON at the service panel. (c) Determine if power is flowing to the receptacle. If so, the capped wires are the LOAD wires. If not, the capped wires are the LINE wires. (d) Turn the power OFF at the service panel, label the LINE and LOAD wires, then remove the receptacle. (e) Go to step 7B.

GFCI Instalation

GFCi Installation Instrucions

8. Test your work

Why perform this test? • If you miswired the GFCI it may not prevent personal injury or death due to a ground fault (electrical shock). • If you mistakenly connect the LINE wires to the LOAD terminals, the GFCI will not reset and will not provide power to either the GFCI receptacle face or any receptacles fed from the GFCI.

Procedure:

(a) This GFCI is shipped from the factory in the tripped condition and cannot be reset until it is wired correctly and power is supplied to the device. Plug a lamp or radio into the GFCI (and leave it plugged in). Turn the power ON at the service panel. Ensure that the GFCI is still in the tripped condition by pressing the TEST button. If the indicator light on the GFCI receptacle face is ON and the lamp or radio is OFF go to the Troubleshooting section because LINE and LOAD wiring connections have been reversed. You will not be able to RESET the GFCI in this condition. (b) Press the RESET button fully. If the lamp or radio turns ON and the Indicator Light turns ON, the GFCI has been installed correctly. If the GFCI cannot be reset, go to the Troubleshooting section. (c) If you installed your GFCI using step 7B press the TEST button, then plug a lamp or radio into surrounding receptacles to see which one(s), in addition to the GFCI, lost power when you pressed the TEST button. DO NOT plug life saving devices into any of the receptacles that lost power. Place a "GFCI PROTECTED OUTLET" sticker on every receptacle that lost power, then press the RESET button to reset the GFCI. (d) Press the TEST button (then RESET button) every month to assure proper operation. If the Indicator light does not go out and come back on or if the GFCI cannot be reset, then it must be replaced.

TROUBLESHOOTING

Turn the power OFF and check the wire connections against the appropriate wiring diagram in step 7A or 7B. Make sure that there are no loose wires or loose connections. Start the test from the beginning of step 8 if you rewired any connections to the GFCI.